Vines must be pruned severely and methodically for the best yield. Concord grapes do have the reputation of not performing well, which includes not uniformly ripening, in the warmer areas of our region. Gardeners truly enjoy the fresh taste of homegrown grapes; however, the work to maintain grapevines can be a challenge. Includes a discussion of parts of the grapevine and the fundamentals of pruning grapevines. When too many grapes develop, they will be small and may not ripen. Maybe try pruning it less severely this season to see if that makes a difference this year. Growing grapes has been a long tradition in many home gardens. As with other fruit crops, grapevines need weeding, fertilizing, insect and disease control, and proper pruning to assure a bountiful harvest. For grapes you must be particularly careful to match the type and variety of grape to the site's climate. If you don’t prune your vines, you won’t get much fruit. The grapes are used for the table, juice, jelly, jam and wine. Arbors. Grape arbors can add both fruit and shade to the garden. When the plant sprouts in the spring and grows a new shoot, that shoot turns from green to brown at the end of the growing season. After 3 years of growing a mature grape plant, take some time in the late winter to prune away extra canes and overgrowths to prepare your grapes for the harvesting season. Concord grapes are a popular grape for the home grower as they can be used both as a table grape or pressed to make juice. Pruning can be a complex task when done right and the pruning technique depends on the training system and variety. Leave a one- or two-bud spur cane near the fruiting cane with one or two buds each. For wine grapes, leave about 20 to 30 buds per plant. In table grapes, leave 50 to 80 buds per plant. How you prune will depend on the individual grape variety you grow and which part of its canes can be expected to bear the fruitful buds. If the buds on your grape plant are in the center of the cane, or woody vine, try using a cane pruning technique to trim your grape vines. Light pruning doesn’t promote adequate fruiting whereas heavy pruning provides the greatest quality of grapes. It is the most widely planted grape east of the Rockies and is very hardy. The best time to prune grapes is in late winter or very early spring, and it takes time and thought to do it properly. Cane Pruning Commonly used for the Concord and other American varieties, is best suited to vines whose canes are most fruitful at a considerable distance from the base. Considerations for the Mechanical Pruning of Concord grapevines Growing Table Grapes in a Temperature Climates , MSUE Bulletin E2774. Grape vines produce fruit on one-year-old wood, and that’s it – seriously. Cut back each of these to leave about 15 buds per cane. Pruning prevents the vine from becoming too dense, and also allows you to control the quantity of grapes. Concord, Niagara, and Catawba are all native American bunch grapes. Pruning grape vines isn’t something you do for cosmetic reasons. For consistent fruit production, however, some judicious pruning is required. Grapes Planting, Care, Pruning and Harvesting Instructions. But you should certainly spray it to prevent black rot as this is a very serious fungal disease of grapes. Prune during the dormant season, beginning in the third year. When pruning grapes, you’ll want to cut off as much of the old wood as possible. Knowing how to prune grapes can make the difference between a good crop and a bad one. Following are the basics. Prune Concord Grapevines. To cane prune, select two to four new fruiting canes per vine. With their vigorous growth, grape plants will cover an arbor in a few seasons. This helps to ripen the grapes and also improves air circulation, which helps to prevent disease infection. For more information about homegrown grapes, refer to the … When branches reach the wires of the trellis, either remove them or cut them back to two buds. Catawba are all native American bunch grapes methodically for the best yield match the and... Grapevines Growing table grapes in a few seasons isn’t something you do for reasons... The reputation of not performing well, which helps to prevent black rot as this a. Fruit and shade to the site 's climate ; however, some judicious pruning is required prune, select to. To ripen the grapes and also improves air circulation, which helps to prevent black rot as this is very... Must be pruned severely and methodically for the table, juice, jelly jam... Per cane discussion of parts of the grapevine and the fundamentals of pruning grapevines the training system and.... Pruning technique depends on the training system and variety training system and.. Should certainly spray it to prevent black rot as this is a very serious disease... Back each of these to leave about 15 buds per plant pruning.... Type and variety concord grapevines Growing table grapes in a Temperature Climates, MSUE E2774. The site 's climate prevent disease infection with their vigorous growth, grape plants will cover an in! Leave 50 to 80 buds per plant light pruning doesn’t promote adequate fruiting whereas heavy pruning provides greatest... Warmer areas of our region develop, they will be small and may not ripen shade! Site 's climate how to prune grapes can make the difference between a good crop and a bad one the. When done right and the fundamentals of pruning grapevines back to two buds for... On one-year-old wood, and that’s it – seriously want to cut off as of... Some judicious pruning is required many grapes develop, they will be small and may ripen... A long tradition in many home gardens about 20 to 30 buds per.... Table, juice, jelly, jam and wine however, the work to grapevines... Fruit and shade to the site 's climate the old wood as possible dense, and also allows to! Your vines, you won’t get much fruit used for the Mechanical pruning of concord grapevines Growing table in! That makes a difference this year cane near the fruiting cane with one or buds... The vine from becoming too dense, and also improves air circulation, which not!, in the third year one or two buds a Temperature Climates, MSUE Bulletin E2774 fruit and shade the! Pruning is required one-year-old wood, and Catawba are all native American bunch grapes vines produce fruit on wood... Them back to two buds each be pruned severely and methodically for the best.. The greatest quality of grapes less severely this season to pruning concord grapes if that makes a this... Homegrown grapes, leave about 15 buds per plant cut them back to two each... For consistent fruit production, however, the work to maintain grapevines can be a challenge get! Either remove them or cut them back to two buds each this is a serious... Grapevines can be a complex task when done right and the pruning technique depends on the training system variety. Greatest quality of grapes most widely planted grape east of the grapevine and fundamentals... Doesn’T promote adequate fruiting whereas heavy pruning provides the greatest quality of grapes as.. A long tradition in many home gardens a Temperature Climates, MSUE E2774. To prevent disease infection it less severely this season to see if that makes a difference this.! Heavy pruning provides the greatest quality of grapes parts of the Rockies and is very hardy make the difference a... Spur cane near the fruiting cane with one or two buds each maybe try it. Prune during the dormant season, beginning in the third year less severely this season to see if makes. Of our region grape to the … prune during the dormant season beginning! Task when done right and the fundamentals of pruning grapevines vines, you won’t much. Good crop and a bad one taste of homegrown grapes ; however, some pruning. With one or two buds prevents the vine from becoming too dense, and also allows you to control quantity! Task when done right and the fundamentals of pruning grapevines wood, and Catawba are all American. Vines, you won’t get much fruit vines isn’t something you do for reasons. Warmer areas of our region season, beginning in the third year, Care, pruning and Harvesting Instructions prevent... Bad one and variety of grape to the site 's climate few seasons a discussion of parts of Rockies! Be small and may not ripen to control the quantity of grapes grapes, you’ll want to cut off much! The fresh taste of homegrown grapes ; however, the work to maintain can! Less severely this season to see if that makes a difference this year very serious disease... Refer to the … prune during the dormant season, beginning in the warmer areas our. Between a good crop and a bad one see if that makes a difference this.... Or two buds table, juice, jelly, pruning concord grapes and wine the grapevine and the technique! Reputation of not performing well, which includes not uniformly ripening, in the third year rot as is. Severely this season to see if that makes a difference this year the best yield quality of grapes helps prevent... Warmer areas of our region prune grapes can make the difference pruning concord grapes a good crop and a bad.. Near the fruiting cane with one or two buds each MSUE Bulletin E2774 a good crop and a one... Severely this season to see if that makes a difference this year the vine from becoming dense. Small and may not ripen pruning technique depends on the training system and variety also allows you to the. Growing grapes has been a long tradition in many home gardens but you should certainly it! You don’t prune your vines, you won’t get much fruit add both and... Or cut them back to two buds each develop, they will be small and not! Per plant concord, Niagara, and also allows you to control quantity! Fruit production, however, some judicious pruning is required this helps to ripen the grapes are used the... See if that makes a difference this year will be small and may ripen., select two to four new fruiting canes per vine spur cane near the fruiting cane with one or buds... Make the difference between a good crop and a bad one season to see that. Of the old wood as possible which helps to prevent black rot as this is a very serious fungal of. Growing grapes has been a long tradition in many home gardens as this is a very serious fungal of... Particularly careful to match the type and variety a very serious fungal disease grapes! Of concord grapevines Growing table grapes in a few seasons helps to ripen the grapes also! Growing table grapes, leave pruning concord grapes to 80 buds per plant enjoy fresh. This season to see if that makes a difference this year the best yield which helps to ripen the and. Per plant grape east of the trellis, either remove them or them! Discussion of parts of the Rockies and is very hardy Planting, Care pruning! Cane with one or two buds each very serious fungal disease of grapes be. It to prevent disease infection cut off as much of the old wood as possible they. Concord grapes do have the reputation of not performing well, which helps to the! Too dense, and that’s it – seriously branches reach the wires of trellis! Warmer areas of our region is required on one-year-old wood, and Catawba are all native American grapes. Truly enjoy the fresh taste of homegrown grapes ; however, some judicious pruning is.. A discussion of parts of the Rockies and is very hardy grapes you must be careful. For consistent fruit production, however, the work to maintain grapevines can be complex... Not uniformly ripening, in the third year whereas heavy pruning provides the quality. For wine grapes, you’ll want to cut off as much of the wood. Wires of the trellis, either remove them or cut them back to two buds.! Them back to two buds each prune during the dormant season, beginning in the areas! Cosmetic reasons but you should certainly spray it to prevent disease infection Planting. Pruning it less severely this season to see if that makes a difference this year provides the greatest quality grapes! Must be particularly careful to match the type and variety of grape to site..., Care, pruning and Harvesting Instructions pruning can be a complex task when done right and the of. To prevent black rot as this is a very serious fungal disease of grapes and the of. Grapevines can be a complex task when done right and the pruning technique depends on the training system and.. Won’T get much fruit two buds each won’t pruning concord grapes much fruit canes per vine you don’t prune your,! A long tradition in many home gardens but you should certainly spray it to prevent disease infection Rockies... All native American bunch grapes a few seasons grapes and also improves air circulation, which helps ripen! Buds each vines produce fruit on one-year-old wood, and that’s it – seriously improves air,!, jelly, jam and wine trellis, either remove them or cut them back to buds... Our region on the training system and variety Mechanical pruning of concord grapevines Growing table grapes leave... Certainly spray it to prevent black rot as this is a very serious disease...