Think about it a 325 lbs. Copyright © 2020 Outdoor Methods, All Rights Reserved. Now just like Neo did in the Matrix, take the red pill, or maybe he took the blue…..I don’t remember which one it is. Handgun Back. This is called rifling, and it is used to make a bullet spin when it is passing thru the barrel. An additional note on the .22 Mag (officially, the .22 Winchester Magnum Rimfire) data: this sequence of tests presented a real challenge for our chronographs, probably because the .22 Mag is one of the smaller bullets commercially used yet is driven at high speed. I am a firearm novice who just purchased a new handgun that’s being processed for pickup soon—so why not acquire some vital knowledge about bullets while I wait I tell myself? If you look at the chart and graphs below, you can compare the bullet’s size and weight to the muzzle energy. This is a table of selected pistol/submachine gun and rifle/machine gun cartridges by common name. If you do, please let us know below in the comments. On the downside, the round’s large diameter means that most handguns chambered for this cartridge hold fewer rounds than their 9mm or .40 S&W equivalent. As a rule the faster the muzzle velocity the shorter the bullets time in flight and there for a flatter trajectory and less drop. Initially developed in the 1980s, the 10mm Auto rose to brief prominence after the FBI selected the round to replace their .38 Specials and 9mms. It is typically determined by the dimensions of either the gun’s barrel or the bullet (not the cartridge). 9mm Trajectory chart vs .40 S&W Trajectory Chart shows the direct relationship between the 9mm muzzle velocity and the .40 S&W muzzle velocity when fired from a 16" barrel on a pistol caliber carbine and when fired from a 4.5" barrel on a pistol. As always, let us know if we missed something below. A block of 10% gelatin is typically used to simulate soft tissue in this test. Your email address will not be published. Two: If using the bullet to determine the caliber, you typically use the width of the bullet. ​Note: .38 special is only available in a revolver. the highest muzzle energy might not be in the same load as the highest muzzle velocity, since the bullet weights can differ between loads). By using this site, you accept our use of cookies. Militaries and police take advantage of the cartridge’s superior ballistic characteristics and relatively lightweight. "Caliber" is the common name of the cartridge tested; "Load" is the brand of ammunition tested, "Bullet" is the weight (in grains) and configuration (JHP, for instance, means jacketed hollow point) of the bullet, "MV" is the standard abbreviation for muzzle velocity, "ME" is the abbreviation for muzzle energy, "Penetration (10% gel)" is the measured penetration of the bullet when fired into a block of standard ordinance gelatin, which is used to simulate soft tissue, "AIT (goats at Strasbourg)" refers to a famous European experiment where a great many goats of the approximate size and cardio-vascular capacity of a human being were shot broadside through the lungs with a variety of handgun loads and the 'Average Incapacitation Time' (in seconds) from the shot until the animal's collapse was recorded, "One shot stop %" is the percentage of one shot stops in actual street shootings as culled from police records by Marshall and Sanow, "Test brl." Calculates the ballistic trajectory of a bullet fired from a rifle, handgun or other firearm. 8/29/2012. In many senses, .40 S&W straddles the line between the small, high-velocity 9x19mm round and the large, lower-velocity .45 ACP; many varieties exist which allow shooters to select their favorite balance of mass and projectile velocity. HANDGUN BALLISTICS. Remember, there are a lot of factors that we did not cover in this article, but this article will help you speed through the learning curve. If you are like me, when you found this out, you felt like everything you knew in your life was a lie, but before you go into depression, hear me out. Our calculator creates a proper ballistics trajectory chart that details range, drop, velocity, energy (fps), wind drift, and time. Bullet Ballistics & Charts. Purchases of products or services linked from our website may allow us to earn a small part of the sale. Click to download a Ballistic Chart (PDF). So now that we know what the numbers and letters mean, it should help us interpret the bullet size chart/bullet caliber chart a bit better! Required fields are marked *. Firearms Used for Testing. A shortened spinoff, the .40 S&W, garnered widespread acclaim and rapidly became one of the most popular defensive handgun calibers. These weapons are easily concealed but hard to aim accurately, especially in crime scenes. The Federal Ballistics Calculator lets you quickly determine the trajectory for any rifle or handgun load, and save data for an unlimited number of loads. Handgun Ballistics. How “hot” the round is which means the more gun powder you have, the more of a “kick” you will have. So we did a lot of research and found the following objective variables can be used to determine the overall picture of each caliber. We use cookies on this site to optimize site functionality and give you the best possible experience. 9mm (+P) rounds are another choice, but again only in newer semi-automatics certified for the +P rounds. … The last two are both factors of the bullet’s design. Okay, let us take a closer look at these two methods: One: If using the gun’s barrel to determine the caliber, we will use the inner opening( aka bore) of a gun’s barrel from land to land. EDUCATION 101. All the ballistics from all manufacturers, finally... in one place. Free recoil is the recoil that can be calculated but felt recoil is subjective to the person experiencing it. Update 8/16/2018: Test results for nine .357 Sig loads are now live. A pistol caliber comparison chart will typically list this as the largest of common self-defense rounds by caliber alone. This will be measured in either fractions of an inch or millimeters. A pistol caliber comparison chart will typically list this as the largest of common self-defense rounds by caliber alone. Georgia Arms’ factory-loaded ammunition is made using modern, sophisticated, fully- automated equipment that ensures the highest quality control standards possible. On that note….if you do not know what +P or +P+ means check out the following links. Its secret lies in the high velocity of the relatively small round; while only three-hundredths of an inch wider than a .32 ACP. Calculates the ballistic trajectory of a bullet fired from a rifle, handgun or other firearm. Some of them are. Until next time keep them straight. Ballistics Handgun Ballistics. Versions of the Desert Eagle exist chambered in 0.357 magnum, 0.44 magnum, and Action Arms’ proprietary 0.50 Action Express magnum round. This means that the speed and energy will vary from cartridge manufacturer to manufacturer. I know it is a long chart…I spent hours researching and creating it. All the ballistics from all manufacturers, finally... in one place. This is another aspect of FBI protocol that we didn’t strictly adhere to. Outside of collectors’ firearms and backup guns, neither cartridge is commonly recommended for everyday use. Our 22LR ammo ballistics chart will give you the bullet ballistic coefficient, muzzle energy, muzzle velocity and bullet drop of 27 different .22LR rimfire cartridges. We did our best to simplify this complicated topic so that you will be able to understand it and use the knowledge to your advantage. Compare all 9mm ammunition manufacturers on one easy to read chart. That extra length allows for more gunpowder and a larger bullet. EDUCATION 101. Also, note that semi-auto pistol and revolver calibers are both covered in this chart. 9mm rounds are a common choice for self-defense, especially in hollowpoint configurations designed to expand on impact. Calibers have many different traits either from the gun itself or the round. With it’s moderate-diameter bullet and a small charge of powder intended for controllable recoil in small-frame automatics.The world’s most popular pistol round, the 9x19mm Luger or Parabellum (most just call it the 9mm) was designed for military and police applications. The weight of the firearm also plays into this. A few of the variables that play into a bullet’s terminal performance are velocity, penetrations, and expansion. Units of Measure. Ammunition Inputs. Its low muzzle velocity is sufficient for penetration, and the round relies on its weight for its lethal characteristics. The FN 5.7×28mm (designated as the 5.7 × 28 by the C.I.P.) ​One of the twentieth century’s best-known pistol cartridges, the old.45 Automatic Colt Pistol cartridge originally supplanted the .38 Long Colt cartridge after the Moro uprisings in the Philippines showed a need for better stopping power in the pistol cartridges issued to the US military. Contrary to popular belief, the case of the .357 magnum was not designed to be longer than the .38 special case to hold more gun powder but to prevent people from loading these into .38 special pistol. One unit of ammunition is called a cartridge. This is because the .357 Magnum is a lengthened .38 special case. During the shooting, a bank robber was able to continue killing and wounding FBI agents despite having been struck half a dozen times by their handgun bullets. How do you ask? The larger 0.44 Magnum came about two decades after the 0.357 Magnum, and both remain popular for self-defense applications and, to a limited extent, hunting with the 0.44 Magnum. (or as some would say our bullet caliber chart). ... Ballistics Calculator. Both offer a light, short cartridge suitable for an easily-concealed handgun; neither offer particularly impressive ballistics. Clear as mud? Risks of the road. Order your next firearm online at Cabelas.com and we’ll ship it to your nearest Cabela’s store for free! The .357 magnum results in higher pressure when fired compared to a .38 special. Speed and Energy are figured out using an average of all the known cartridges. So I have to ask, when you read that last statement, did you think about the caliber of the pistol or the ammunition you are using?  Â. Stop trying to look at calibers as if it is a standardization naming method and more of caliber as a way to label a specific cartridge and firearm with certain innate characteristics that separate it from other rounds and guns. I Choose. 2. Due to the higher pressures involved, very few semi-automatic firearms are capable of feeding rounds of the 0.44 Magnum; an exception is the Israeli Military Industries Desert Eagle pistol, of Hollywood fame. An example of a gun that uses this method to define its caliber is the British .303, with the land to land area of the barrel measuring .303 inches. Your email address will not be published. The truth is America (or England) does not have a standard way of deciding a caliber (Merica!!). The smaller of the two magnums, .357, became one of America’s most popular self-defense calibers when it was retooled from the existing .38 Special cartridge during the 1930s. Why? This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. These measurements are usually expressed in fractions of an inch or in millimeters as well. ... Our initial research data covered the relationship between barrel length and velocity for some 13 common handgun calibers/cartridges. Grs: Bullet Type: Velocity (feet per second) Energy (foot-pounds) Mid … With that in mind, we tried to give you a range of different cartridges for each caliber that you typically would see. "Caliber" is the common name of the cartridge tested; "Load" is the brand of ammunition … However, .38 special round can be shot in a .357 magnum pistol due to the .38 special lack of pressure generated when fired compared to the magnum round. .22 calibers are notable as being one of the last remaining commonly-manufactured types of rimfire ammunition, i.e., rounds wherein the powder is set aflame by primer located in the rim of the cartridge. We use cookies to provide you with an improved user experience and to personalize content. It is essential to study and understand the different qualities of each caliber when deciding which one is right for you. We carry an absolutely unconditional quality-assurance guarantee on ALL of our manufactured products. It is useful for close range but not for long distances. Shop Now Learn More. However, we believe these traits are subjective and have decided to leave them out. Stopping power, how many people think this is a critical factor when it comes to calibers? In plan terms, if using the gun itself to determine the caliber, you measure the barrel’s narrowest opening. As a result, the .380 ACP gets to be call the smallest of the combat calibers. In fact, both are widely regarded in defensive handgun circles as being too underpowered for self-defense or hunting and too expensive for those long days at the shooting range. Complete 9mm ammunition ballistics Chart. means the length of the test pistol's barrel. Best IWB Holsters for Glock 19: Complete Reviews With Comparison, Comparing IWB Holsters: Top 5 Most Comfortable Types of Holsters. Ballistics Calculator. We are not saying this chart is all-inclusive, so keep that in mind. The larger the gun, the more it will resist recoil once shot. This decision was made in the wake of a disastrous shootout in Miami. A method to measure how much damage a bullet will do once it enters soft tissue. In order to hit a distant target a handgun must be correctly sighted-in, and to accomplish that the shooter must have some working knowledge of the bullet's trajectory. Just be ready for this. You then have to think about fight or flight, aka known as adrenaline. For example, a full metal jacket or a hollow point. Before we look at our pistol comparison chart, there are a few things to remember. Such a simple concept has so many factors affecting it. On the other hand, Europeans do follow a more robust method. Like the bound and eBook versions, the Hornady® Reloading App provides all the information needed to successfully reload a variety of rifle and handgun cartridges. Interesting fact though, the FBI probably has the most extensive terminal performance data bank in the world and used this information to decide to switch back to the 9mm as their standard-issue firearm. Complete ammunition ballistics charts. (For more information on the history of this old cartridge, check out our guide to the best IWB holsters for 1911 pistols. There are many variables that some would say need to be taken into account when analyzing different calibers. Check out SAAMI recoil formula for more information to calculate the free recoil of your firearm. RIFLE BALLISTICS. However, probably one of the biggest and most important factors is that free recoil and felt recoil are two different variables. Note: A common misconception is that a bullet is one unit of ammunition. People also think about what caliber they are shooting, but many of them do not understand this subject. In theory, recoil can be measured. For everyone else: Note: For an expanded version of this chart with more entries, see the Expanded Handgun Cartridge Power Chart. Ballistics Rifle Ballistics Ammo Description Velocity (fps) Energy (ft/lb) Trajectory Tables (inches) CARTRIDGE BULLET ITEM # MUZ 100 yd 200 yd 300 yd 400 yd 500 yd MUZ 100 yd 200 yd 300 yd 400 yd 500 yd MUZ 100 yd 200 yd 300 yd 400 yd 500 yd V 17 Mach 2 15.5 gr. Produces a ballistic trajectory chart and table that shows the drop, velocity, kinetic energy, windage, and … The .380 ACP is slightly smaller in diameter than the 9mm. Most common pistol calibers today are “center-fire,” with the primer located on a striking surface at the center of the casing instead. I had to download and print 6 of these charts and honestly thought I had a plan to find only 1 chart for reference-sake.With the research you relayed here,not only can someone get all possible characteristics of specific rounds,but to also compare detailed information on all other bullets of varied types—and even beyond that cross-reference check sectors of round nomenclature in the case of that tight decision-maker between 2 close favorites and such.Kudos for a job well-done and my personal appreciation that you took the time and effort to do this excellent article —It’s the best! Originally developed during the era of nascent semi-automatic pistols, both rounds were intended for self-defense but have since been supplanted by superior alternatives which offer more mass, velocity, or both. The anatomy of different species. The term handgun “stopping power” generally relates various opinions about the ability of handguns to create ballistic wounds sufficient to incapacitate a target. We are glad you asked! We also have some additional thoughts about this particular load in this post.Update 7/11/2018: Test results for 11 different 10mm Auto loads are now live in a n… Caliber: is basically the terminology used to label a specific model gun that uses a particular round. Handgun Ballistics. Caliber: Bullet Wt. The big 10mm round and large powder charge proved seriously capable in the right hands, but field testing revealed that the powerful recoil and large size of handguns chambered in 10mm made it difficult for most law enforcement officers to make follow-up shots reliably. That brings our total number of loads tested across all pistol calibers to 204 with more to come in the future!Update 8/8/2018: The 130 gr Federal HST +P load has now been added to our .38 Special results. +P or +P+ means check out the following links in traits in a nutshell, the it... These we decided there was no need part of the Desert Eagle exist chambered in 0.357 magnum 0.44... 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Than ever, choose Federal Premium—Your Partner in Protection for Glock 19: Complete Reviews comparison... Than ever, choose Federal Premium—Your Partner in Protection and table that shows the drop,,.